Mr. Clement Agalic sent on 6 July 2014 at 2:20am
BY Kabiri An-ichie Michael
Conflict refers to some form of friction, disagreement, or discord arising within a group when the beliefs or actions of one or more members of the group are either resisted by or unacceptable to one or more members of another group.
conflict is the disagreement between an individual or group of people which may lead to harm
TYPES OF CONFLICT
Conflict may be internal and external. Internal conflict is psychological struggle within the mind of a literary or dramatic character, the resolution of which creates the plot’s suspense; or mental struggle arising from opposing demands or impulses. External conflict is struggle between a literary or dramatic character and an outside force such as nature or another character, which drives the dramatic action of the plot: external conflict between Macbeth and Mac duff.
External conflict is between people.Conflict in literature refers to the different drives of the characters or forces involved. Conflict may be internal or external—that is, it may occur within a character’s mind or between a character and exterior forces. Conflict is most visible between two or more characters, usually a protagonist and an antagonist/enemy/villain, but can occur in many different forms. A character may as easily find himself or herself in conflict with a natural force, such as an animal or a weather event, like a hurricane. The literary purpose of conflict is to create tension in the story, making readers more interested by leaving them uncertain which of the characters or forces will prevail.
There may be multiple points of conflict in a single story, as characters may have more than one desire or may struggle against more than one opposing force. When a conflict is resolved and the reader discovers which force or character succeeds, it creates a sense of closure. Conflicts may resolve at any point in a story, particularly where more than one conflict exists, but stories do not always resolve every conflict. If a story ends without resolving the main or major conflict(s), it is said to have an “open” ending. Open endings, which can serve to ask the reader to consider the conflict more personally, may not satisfy them, but obvious conflict resolution may also leave readers disappointed in the story.
The basic types of conflict in fiction have been commonly codified as “man against man”, “man against nature”, and “man against self.”In each case, “man” is the universal and refers to women as well.
Although frequently cited, these three types of conflict are not universally accepted. Ayn Rand, for instance, argued that “man against nature” is not a conflict because nature has no free will and thus can make no choices. Sometimes a fourth basic conflict is described, “man against society”, Some of the other types of conflict referenced include “man against machine” (The Terminator, Brave New World), “man against fate” (Slaughterhouse Five), “man against the supernatural” (The Shining) and “man against God”
Man against man
“Man against man” conflict involves stories where characters are against each other. This is an external conflict. The conflict may be direct opposition, as in a gunfight or a robbery, or it may be a more subtle conflict between the desires of two or more characters, as in a romance or a family epic. This type of conflict is very common in traditional literature, fairy tales and myths. One example of the “man against man” conflict is the relationship struggles between the protagonist and the antagonist stepfather in This Boy’s Life. Other examples include Dorothy’s struggles with the Wicked Witch of the West in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and Tom Sawyer’s confrontation with Injun Joe in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.
Man against society
where man stands against a man-made institution (such as slavery or bullying), “man against man” conflict may shade into “man against society”. In such stories, characters are forced to make moral choices or frustrated by social rules in meeting their own goals. The Handmaid’s Tale and Fahrenheit 451 are examples of “man against society” conflicts. So is Charlotte’s Web, in which the pig Wilbur fights for his survival against a society that raises pigs for food.
Man against nature
“Man against nature” conflict is an external struggle positioning the hero against an animal or a force of nature, such as a storm or tornado or snow. The “man against nature” conflict is central to Ernest Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea, where the protagonist contends against a marlin. It is also common in adventure stories, including Robinson Crusoe.
Man against self
with “man against self” conflict, the struggle is internal. This is a conflict that is usually associated with an external conflict. A character must overcome his own nature or make a choice between two or more paths – good and evil; logic and emotion. A serious example of “man against himself” is offered by Hubert Selby, Jar’s 1978 novel Requiem for a Dream, which centres around stories of addiction. Bridget Jones’s Diary also focuses on internal conflict, as the titular character deals with her own neuroses and self-doubts.